conferences + workshops
Population scholars from all over the world, and from several disciplines, will be gathering in San Diego April 30-May 2 for the annual meetings of the Population Association of America. On May 4, several distinguished members of this group will join us here at UCSB to present and discuss their work. The first session focuses on European demography and, in particular, demographic responses to the Great Recession. The second session includes papers on innovative methods for measuring spatial inequality and social mobility. In the afternoon, the focus shifts to the intersection of health, the environment, and population, concluding with a panel discussion of research frontiers in this area by UCSB faculty and visitors.
Francisca M Antman (University of Colorado, Boulder) “For want of a cup: The rise of tea in England and the impact of water quality on economic development”
Francesco Billari (Oxford University) “Employment and fertility during the Great Recession: evidence from Italy”
Barbara Entwistle (University of North Carolina) “Data infrastructure for the 21st century: Challenges of fully integrating PHE”
John Ermisch (Oxford University) “Social Mobility”
Aart Liefbroer (Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute) “Childhood disadvantage and demographic choices in young adulthood: A European perspective”
Fernando Riosmena (University of Colorado, Boulder) “A reflection on the association between (precipitation) variability and US migration out of rural Mexico”
Michael White (Brown University) "Developing Spatial Inequality in Africa"
Indigenous people (or native peoples, tribal peoples) number about 370 million in over 5,000 populations in 70 countries. Despite comprising only 5% of the world population, indigenous people constitute about 15% of the world’s poor. Many indigenous people continue to practice traditional subsistence practices, although the kinds and pace of lifestyle change vary widely among groups. In 2013, no group remains a pristine “isolate”; all are enmeshed to some extent in the politics, economics and culture of national and global society. Macro-level changes in socioeconomic conditions, market participation and acculturation (loosely combined into the term “modernization”) present new opportunities and challenges among indigenous people today. Despite the growing awareness and appreciation of indigeneity worldwide, even two decades after the International Decade of the World’s Indigenous Peoples was declared by the United Nations in 1994, indigenous people often experience higher morbidity and mortality than other populations in their home countries, higher poverty and greater discrimination. The gaps in wealth and income between indigenous and non-indigenous people have remained the same in many nations, especially in Latin America.
The goal of this workshop is to highlight current and potentially future health risks of indigenous people, and to address the related question about what causes and perpetuates “poverty traps” that lead to further health inequities. We pose the same question raised in the title of a paper in Lancet in 2006: “Indigenous peoples health – why are they behind everyone, everywhere?”. The epidemiological transition from receding pandemics to “lifestyle” non-communicable diseases has been observed in industrialized societies over the course of centuries, but has been non-existent, recent and incomplete among many indigenous populations, where many may suffer from both common infections like malaria and chronic diseases such as heart disease. Important questions to address include: (1) Are indigenous people at greater risk of certain types of ailments than majority populations? (2) Are new health threats emerging (e.g. obesity, diabetes, alcoholism) at the same time that others are diminishing (e.g. tuberculosis)? (3) What are the obstacles to improving indigenous physical and mental well-being? (4) How is the changing state of indigenous health and well-being impacted (and impacting) social networks and other traditional means of buffering risk? (5) How do indigenous people perceive and conceptualize their own health, wealth and status amid socioeconomic change? The assembled group of speakers from across the social sciences will address these and other related questions.
Josh Snodgrass "Health of indigenous circumpolar populations"
Flora Lu and Mark Sorensen "The Effects of Market Integration on Childhood Health and Well-Being in the Ecuadorean Amazon"
When families immigrate to the US, they may come together or in several stages. These moves constitute a major disruption along their members’ developmental paths and a dramatic change in the social and economic context of their demographic behaviors. Given the complexity of these trajectories -- involving joint interactions among duration of schooling, family formation, fertility, and engagement with the labor market -- this is an area of research that will benefit from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. Three important approaches to framing this complex set of processes include life course theory from social psychology/sociology; life cycle theory from economics; and heterodox perspectives focused on place, exposure, and timing from geography.
The goal of the conference is to bring together leading and new researchers on family immigration working in a number of disciplinary perspectives, with a view to forging links that will yield new collaborative research. To this end, the format will schedule ample time for informal interactions.
Carola Suarez-Orozco "Growing Up in the Shadows: The Developmental Implications of Unauthorized Status"
As the economic lives of men and women have converged, families have become both highly diverse and socioeconomically stratified in the United States and other countries. “Gender and Family in the New Millennium”, a day-long research workshop presented by the new Leonard and Gretchan Broom Center for Demography, will be held on the UCSB campus on Friday, March 2, 2012. This event brings together a group of leading scholars in sociology and economics who study the nature and origins of gender inequality in modern society and the economic, social and cultural influences that help shape contemporary work and family life. This will be the first in a series of Broom Center multidisciplinary research conferences exploring the frontiers of social science research on human populations.